Crewel Treat 3

Hello again everyone

Earlier this year in April you enjoyed two cushions in the Aran style by Audrey Schultz in this blog post.

Now here are two lovely crewel cushions stitched by Audrey with the same flair, talent and technical skill.

They don’t need any words from me:

Cushion 1

Crewel Cushion 1 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 1 of Crewel Cushion 1 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 2 of Crewel Cushion 1 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 3 of Crewel Cushion 1 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 4 of Crewel Cushion 1 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 5 of Crewel Cushion 1 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 6 from Crewel Cushion 1 by Audrey Schultz

Cushion 2 

crewel Cushion 2 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 1 of Cushion 2 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 2 of Crewel Cushion 2 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 3 of Crewel Cushion 2 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 4 from Crewel Cushion 2 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 5 from Crewel Cushion 2 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 6 of Crewel Cushion 2 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Detail 7 from Crewel Cushion 2 stitched by Audrey Schultz

Thank you so much Audrey for sharing these beauties with us.

Bye for now!

Carmen

 

The Elegant Geometry of Hardanger

Hi everyone

This post focuses on the beautiful and elegant form of Norwegian Whitework called Hardanger.

The home of this embroidery technique is the Hardanger Fjiord in South West Norway – you can see where it’s located on a Google map here. It looks like a beautiful place:

ulvik

History

Up until recently the historical thinking had been that Hardanger had its origins in Persian designs and came to Norway via Italian techniques such as Reticella and Venetian Lace in the Middle Ages. Earlier silks with Persian patterns were thought to have been part of the loot gathered in Viking raids in England and Europe.

However there’s been recent research done by Associate Professor Marianne Vedeler at the University of Oslo that’s shedding new light on the history of Hardanger. Her research suggests that the silk trade in the Viking era was much more extensive than previously assumed and that they traded regularly with the Persian and Byzantine empires.

One of the most important sources of Viking era silks is the Oseberg ship – a well preserved Viking ship found in a burial mound at Oseberg farm near Tonsberg in Norway. The treasures found on this ship include silk from 15 different textiles, embroideries and tablet woven silk and wool bands. The silk textiles include Persian patterns. You can read more about Professor Vedeler’s research here

Hardanger Technique

Hardanger is Whitework that’s based on a counted thread technique combined with drawn threadwork and needleweaving. The patterns and motifs are geometric but the angular quality of the designs is softened by the cutting and needleweaving which create a lacy effect. It’s stitched on even weave fabric usually 22 count.

It’s thought that the relative isolation of the Hardanger Fjiord is the main reason this very distinctive style evolved. Traditionally it was (and continues to be) stitched as white on white and was used in the folkloric costumes or bunards of the region as well as to decorate homewares.

It became known worldwide when an apron with Hardanger embroidery won an award at the Paris Exposition in 1900. The needlewoman was Brita Skalveit of Aga in the Hardanger district.

Contemporary Hardanger includes colourwork and you can see examples of both the Whitework and Colourwork styles on our Hardanger Gallery.

Now to some Eye Candy……

The Guild has developed a collection of samples of different embroidery techniques stitched by members with expertise in the particular style. Here’s the Hardanger sample stitched by Bonnie Crawford who is a master of this technique:

Guild Hardanger Sample stitched by Bonnie Crawford

Mat with Hardanger Motif by Marjorie Gilby 

Marjorie needs no introduction to regular readers of this blog – this is just another example of her exquisite stitching and generosity in sharing her work. Stewart Bath has taken some wonderful close-ups of the motif.

Pink Hardanger Mat by Marjorie Gilby

Hardanger Motif on Pink Mat stitched by Marjorie Gilby

Close up 2 from Pink Hardanger Mat stitched by Marjorie Gilby

Close up of Hardanger Motif by Marjorie Gilby

Detail of Edging on Pink Hardanger Mat stitched by Marjorie Gilby

Three Pieces by Levona Lea 

Levona is one of the quiet and gentle achievers of our Guild. She’s also one of the first to offer to help – in this case with three examples of Hardanger for display on a Guild stall at a recent craft show.

I really liked the art deco feel of this first piece with the green motifs:

Hardanger Square with Green Diamonds stitched by Levona Lea

Corner of Hardanger Square with Green Diamonds stitched by Levona Lea

The second piece is Whitework with an interesting cross pattern:

White Hardanger Square stitched by Levona Lea

Detail of Central Motif in White Hardanger Square by Levona Lea

While the third is in delicate shades of pink, aqua and mauve:

Pink and Acqua Hardanger Square by Levona Lea

Detail of motif on Pink and Acqua Hardanger Square by Levona Lea

Detail from Pink and Acqua Hardanger Square by Levona Lea

Detail 3 of Acqua and Mauve Hardanger Square stitched by Levona Lea

Detail 4 of Acqua and Pink Hardanger Square stitched by Levona Lea

Jillian Bath’s Needle Roll 

The final piece is Jillian’s small and highly decorated needle roll. Again Stewart Bath has taken some awesome shots of the detail which really allow us to share this special piece with you.

Hardanger Needle Roll stitched by Jillian Bath

Top end of Hardanger Needle Roll stitched by Jillian Bath

hardanger Needle Roll rolled out stitched by Jillian Bath

Detail 1 of Hardanger Needle Roll stitched by Jillian Bath

Detail 2 of Hardanger Needle Roll stitched by Jillian Bath

Detail 3 of Hardanger Needle Roll stitched by Jillian Bath

Detail 4 of Hardanger Needle Roll stitched by Jillian Bath

Detail 6 from Hardanger Needle Roll stitched by Jillian Bath

Enjoy!

Carmen